The referendum on 23 June 2016 gave a majority of 51.9% against 48.1% in favour of leaving the European Union.  On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government cabinet were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The four votes took place at the same time as the votes at the same time as the votes.  When the bill returned to the House of Commons on June 20, the government offered new concessions. The concessions meant that the government won by 319 votes to 303: a majority of 16   The House of Commons voted in favour of the withdrawal agreement by 329 to 299 votes, which, after months of negotiations with Brussels and its bankers, had won a great victory for the Prime Minister. In the 2016 referendum, the UK voted 52% to 48% in favour of leaving the EU. But the difficulties that followed in getting Brexit through Parliament led to a deadlock in Westminster. But minutes later, in a second vote, Johnson fell 308-322, while MPs blocked the proposed timetable for the Brexit deal for leaving the EU until 31 October. On September 3, Oliver Letwin filed an emergency request for debate on this bill, pursuant to Permanent Order 24. This proposal, to allow the debate for the next day, was adopted at 328 against 301.   21 Conservative MPs voted in favour of the motion, then were removed from the Conservative whip and rejected for future elections, as Johnson had threatened him in advance.
The 21 MPs were Guto Bebb, Richard Benyon, Steve Brine, Alastair Burt, Greg Clark, Ken Clarke, David Gauke, Justine Greening, Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Phillip Hammond, Stephen Hammond, Richard Harrington, Margot James, Letwin, Anne Milton, Caroline Nokes, Antoinette Sandbach, Nicholas Sosame, Rory Stewart and Ed Vaizey. With Phillip Lee`s departure to the Liberal Democrats the day before, this gave the opposition a 43-seat majority over the government. With regard to the historical importance of the vote, most speakers stressed, on behalf of the political groups, that the withdrawal of the United Kingdom would not be the end of the road to eu-UK relations and that the ties between the peoples of Europe are and will remain strong. They also stressed the possibility of learning from Brexit to shape the future of the EU and thanked the UK and its MPs for their contribution throughout the UK`s accession.